Ross Buck

Professor of Communication Sciences
Department of Communication Box U-85 
University of ConnecticutStorrs, CT 06269-1085
Phone: (860) 486-4494 Fax: (860) 486-5422
E-mail: ross.buck@uconn.edu

 

Emotional Experience, Expression, and Communication
A Developmental-Interactionist Approach to Biological and Higher-Level Social, Cognitive and Moral Emotions

Part I: Definitions | .ppt (325KB) | .zip (117KB)

Part II: Emotional Development | .ppt (329KB) | .zip (43KB)

Lecture Scripts

Lecture script in Germany (I)

Lecture script in Germany (II)

Education

Ph.D. University of Pittsburgh, 1970
M.A. University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1965
B.A. Allegheny College, 1963

Teaching and Research Interests

Teaching

Research

Funded Research Projects

The recognition of emotion from nonverbal behavior. MH 20286, National Institute of Mental Health, 1971-1972.

 CARAT: A test of nonverbal receiving ability. University of Connecticut Research Foundation (UCRF), 1975-1977.

 Nonverbal expression in brain-damaged patients. (With R. Duffy). UCRF, 1976-1977.

 A multivariate field study of leader-member relations in small groups. (With J. Watt and S. Weinberg). UCRF, 1977.

 Perceptual organization of expressive and instrumental action sequences. (With R. Baron). UCRF, 1977-1979.

 Faculty evaluation of school and college deans. (With F. Bass and C. Walker). UCRF, 1977-1978.

 The communication of behavior-specific information by facial expressions. (With R. Baron and B. Shapiro). UCRF, 1978.

 Left vs. right sidedness in spontaneous facial expression. UCRF, 1980.

 A cross-cultural study of nonverbal communication abilities. UCRF, 1982-present.

 Spontaneous and symbolic facial expression in brain-damaged patients. UCRF, 1982.

 Communication and coping with cancer. (With K. Reardon). UCRF, 1982.

 Nonverbal communication. (With R. Duffy and B. Liles). UCRF, 1984.

 Cross-cultural nonverbal communication. NIMH. 1 RO1 MH48753-01. Direct costs $96,943. April 1, 1987-March 31, 1989. 2 RO1 MH48753-03. April 1, 1989-August, 1992.

Nonverbal expression in monozygotic and dizygotic twins. (With B. Ginsburg and N. Szajnberg). UCRF, 1989.

 Segmentation of expressive behavior. (With R. Baron). UCRF, 1990.

 Emotional communication and coping in hearing-impaired persons. (With A. Maxon and N. Norelli). UCRF, 1992.

The affective bases of social organization: Communicative genes in aggression and attachment. (With B. Ginsburg). The Harry Frank Gugenheim Foundation, 1994-1996.

Emotional expression and communication in schizophrenic patients. (With E. Ross). The EJLB Foundation - National Trust, Canada, 1994-1997.

Publications

Books and Monographs

Buck, R.W. (1970). Relationships between dissonance-reducing behaviors and tension measures following aggression. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of Pittsburgh.

 Buck, R. (1974). Communication of affect receiving ability test (CARAT). University of Connecticut.

 Buck, R., Savin, Miller, R.E., and Caul, W.F. (1974). Nonverbal communication of affect in humans. In S. Weitz (Ed.) Readings in Nonverbal Communication. New York: Oxford University Press. (Reprinted from Journal of Personality and Social Psychology article.)

 Buck, R. (1976). Human Motivation and Emotion. New York: John Wiley & Sons. 530 pp. Reviews from Contemporary Psychology, The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, Annee Psychologique, and Zeitschrift fur Psychologie are available.

 Buck, R. (1977). Instructor's Manual for Human Motivation and Emotion. New York: John Wiley & Sons. 60 pp.

 Buck, R. (1979). Individual differences in nonverbal sending accuracy and electrodermal responding. In R. Rosenthal (Ed.) Skill in Nonverbal Communication: Individual Differences. Cambridge, MA: Oelgeschlager, Gunn and Hain. Reviews from Contemporary Psychology and Journal of Communication are available.

 Buck, R. (1980). Nonverbal communication of emotion. In S. Weinberg (Ed.) Messages, A Reader in Human Communication. New York: Random House. (Third Edition).

 Buck, R. (1981). The development of nonverbal communication. In S. Brehm, S. Kassin, and F. Gibbons (Eds.) Developmental Social Psychology. New York: Oxford University Press. Review from Contemporary Psychology is available.

 Buck, R. (1982). Spontaneous and symbolic nonverbal behavior and the ontogeny of communication. In R. Feldman (Ed.) The Development of Nonverbal Behavior in Children. New York: Springer Verlag.

 Buck, R. (1983). Emotional development and emotional education. In R. Plutchik and H. Kellerman (Eds.) Emotion in Early Development. New York: Academic Press.

 Buck, R. (1983). Recent approaches to the study of nonverbal receiving ability. In J. Weimann and R. Harrison (Eds.) Nonverbal Communication: The Social Interaction Sphere. New York: Sage Publications.

 Buck, R. (1984). The physiological bases of nonverbal communication. In W. Waid (Ed.) Sociophysiology. New York: Springer Verlag.

 Buck, R. (1985). The Communication of Emotion. New York: Guilford Press. Paperback Edition 1988.

 Buck, R. (1985). Motivation and Emotion. Chapter in D. Hothersall Psychology. Columbus, Ohio: Charles E. Merrill Publishing Co.

 Blanck, P., Buck, R., and Rosenthal, R. (Eds.). (1986). Nonverbal Communication in the Clinical Context. University Park, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.

 Borod, J., Koff, E., and Buck, R. (1986). The neurophysiology of facial expression. In Blanck, P., Buck, R., and Rosenthal, R. (Eds.) Nonverbal Communication in the Clinical Context. University Park, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.

 Buck, R. (1986). The psychology of emotion. In J. LeDoux and W. Hirsch (Eds.) Brain and Mind: Dialogues between Cognitive Psychology and Neuroscience. New York: Cambridge University Press. Includes discussion of chapters by J. LeDoux and response to LeDoux comments.

 Buck, R. (1988). Human Motivation and Emotion. 2nd Edition. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

 Buck, R. (1988). The perception of facial expression: Individual regulation and social coordination. In T.R. Alley and L.S. Mark (Eds.) Social and Applied Aspects of Perceiving Faces. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 141-166.

 Buck, R. (1988). Emotional education mass media: A new view of the global village. In R. Hawkins, J. Weimann, & S. Pingree (Eds.) Advancing Communication Sciences: Merging Mass and Interpersonal Processes. Vol. 16, Sage Annual Reviews of Communication Research. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications, 44-76.

 Buck, R. (1989). Subjective, expressive, and peripheral bodily components of emotion. In H.L. Wagner and A.S.R. Manstead (Eds.) Handbook of Psychophysiology: Emotion and Social Behavior. Chichester, Sussex, UK: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 199-221.

 Buck, R. (1989). On the semiotics of emotion: Spontaneous and symbolic communication. In W.A. Koch (Ed.) For a Semiotics of Emotion. Bochumer Beitrage zur Semiotik, 1-11.

 Buck, R. (1989). Emotional communication in personal relationships: A developmental-interactionist view. In C.D. Hendrick (Ed.) Close Relationships. Review of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 10. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, 144-163.

 Buck, R. and Ginsburg, B. (1991). Emotional communication and altruism: The communicative gene hypothesis. In M. Clark (Ed.) Altruism. Review of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 11. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, 149-175.

 Buck, R. (1991). Motivation, emotion, and cognition: A developmental interactionist view. In K.T. Strongman (Ed.) International Review of Studies of Emotion. Vol. 1. Chichester, Surry: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 101-142.

 Buck, R. (1991). Temperament, social skills, and the communication of emotion: A developmental-interactionist perspective. In D. Gilbert and J.J. Conley (Eds.) Personality, Social Skills, and Psychopathology: An Individual Differences Approach. New York: Plenum, 85-106.

 Buck, R. (1993). Emotional communication, emotional competence, and physical illness: A developmental-interactionist view. In J. Pennebaker and H. Traue (Eds.) Emotional Expressiveness, Inhibition, and Health. Seattle: Hogrefe and Huber.

 Buck, R. (1993). The spontaneous communication of interpersonal expectations. In P. Blanck (Ed.) Interpersonal Expectations: Theory, Research and Applications. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 227-241.

 Buck, R. (1993). Spontaneous communication and the foundation of the interpersonal self. In U. Neisser (Ed.) The Perceived Self: Ecological and Interpersonal Sources of Self Knowledge. Proceedings of the Emory Symposium on Cognition. Vol. 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 216-236.

Buck, R. & Chaudhuri, A. (1994). Affect, reason, and involvement in persuasion: the ARI Model. In Forschungsgruppe Konsum und Verhalten (Hrsg.) Konsumenten Forschung (Consumer Research). Munchen: Verlag Franz Vahlen, pp. 107-117.

 Buck, R., Goldman, C., Easton, C.J., and Norelli Smith, N. (In press). Social learning and emotional education: Emotional expression and communication in behaviorally-disordered children and schizophrenic patients. In W. Flack and J. Laird (Eds.), Nonverbal communication and psychopathology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

 Buck, R. (In press). Measuring emotional climate: A review of techniques. In J. de Rivera (Ed.) Emotional Climate.

 Buck, R. and Ginsburg, B. (In press). An evolutionary perspective on empathic accuracy. In W. Ickes (Ed.) Empathic Accuracy. New York: Guilford Press.

Journal Articles

Berkowitz, L., and Buck, R. (1967). Impulsive aggression: Reactivity to aggressive cues under emotional arousal. Journal of Personality, 35, pp. 415-424.

 Buck, R., Miller, R. E., and Caul, W. (1969). Heart rate and skin conductance responding during three attention-direction tasks. Psychonomic Science, 15 (6), pp. 291-292.

 Friedman, P., Buck, R., and Allen, V. (1970). Arousal, anxiety, aggression, and attitude change. Journal of Social Psychology, 82, pp. 99-108.

 Buck, R., Parke, R., and Buck, M. (1970). Skin conductance, heart rate, and attention to the environment in two stressful situations. Psychonomic Science, 18(2), pp. 95-96.

 Buck, R., Miller, R. E., and Caul, W. (1970). Heart rate and skin conductance responding during three attention-direction tasks under distraction conditions. Psychonomic Science, 20(6), pp. 355-357.

 Buck, R., Savin, V., Miller, R. E., and Caul, W. F. (1972). Nonverbal communication of affect in humans. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 23, pp. 362-371.

 Buck, R. and Parke, R. (1972). The behavioral and physiological response to the presence of a friendly or neutral person in two types of stressful situations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 24, pp. 143-153.

 Buck, R., Miller, R. E., and Caul, W. F. (1974). Sex, personality, and physiological variables in the communication of emotion via facial expression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,30, pp. 587-596.

 Buck, R. (1975). Nonverbal communication of affect in children. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 31, pp. 633-653.

 Buck, R. (1976). A test of nonverbal receiving ability: Preliminary studies. Human Communication Research, 2, pp. 162-171.

 Buck, R. (1977). Nonverbal communication of affect in preschool children: Relationships with personality and skin conductance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 35, pp. 225-236.

 Buck, R. (1978). The slide-viewing technique for measuring nonverbal sending accuracy: A guide for replication. Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology, 8, pp. 62.

 Strom, J., and Buck, R. (1979). Staring and participants' sex: Physiological and subjective reactions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 5, pp. 114-117.

 Duffy, R., and Buck, R. (1979). A study of the relationship between propositional (pantomime) and subpropositional (facial expression) extraverbal behavior in aphasics. Folia Phoniatrica, 31, pp. 129-136.

 Sabatelli, R., Dreyer, A., and Buck, R. (1979). Cognitive style and nonverbal sending accuracy. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 49, pp. 203-212.

 Buck, R. (1979). Measuring individual differences in the nonverbal communication of affect: The slide-viewing paradigm. Human Communication Research, 6, pp. 47-57.

 Buck, R., and Lerman, J. (1979). General vs. specific nonverbal sensitivity and clinical training. Human Communication. Summer pp. 267-274.

 Sabatelli, R., Buck, R. and Dreyer, A. (1980). Communication via facial cues in intimate dyads. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 6, pp. 242-247.

 Buck, R. (1980). Nonverbal behavior and the theory of emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 38, pp. 811-824.

 Buck, R., Baron, R., Goodman, N., and Shapiro, B. (1980). The unitization of spontaneous nonverbal behavior in the study of emotion communication. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39, pp. 522-529.

 Buck, R., and Duffy, R. (1980). Nonverbal communication of affect in brain-damaged patients. Cortex, 16, pp. 351-362.

 Buck, R. (1981). Sex differences in psychophysiological responding and subjective experience: A comment. Psychophysiology, 18, pp. 349-350.

 Buck, R., Baron, R., and Barrette, D. (1982). The temporal organization of spontaneous emotional expression: A segmentation analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 42, pp. 506-517.

 Sabatelli, R., Buck, R., and Dreyer, A. 1982). Nonverbal communication accuracy in married couples: Relationships with marital complaints. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 43, pp. 1088-1097.

 Sabatelli, R., Buck, R., and Dreyer, A. (1983). Locus of control, interpersonal trust, and nonverbal communication accuracy. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, pp. 399-409.

 Sabatelli, R., Dreyer, A., and Buck, R. (1983). Cognitive style and marital complaints. Journal of Personality, 51, pp. 193-201.

 Buck, R. (January, 1984). On the definition of emotion: Functional and structural considerations. Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive, 4, No 1.

 Buck, R. (1985). PRIME Theory: An integrated approach to motivation and emotion. Psychological Review, 92, pp. 389-413.

 Sabatelli, R., Buck, R., and Kenny, D. (1986). Nonverbal communication in married couples: A social relations analysis. Journal of Personality, 54:3, pp. 513-527.

Buck, R. (1988). Nonverbal communication: Spontaneous and symbolic aspects. American Behavioral Scientist, 31, pp. 341-354.

Buck, R. (1988). Commentary on "Effector patterns of basic emotions." By S. Block, P. Orthons, and G. Santibanez-H. Journal of Social and Biological Structures, 11, pp. 201-211.

Reardon, K., & Buck, R. (1989). Emotion, reason, and communication in coping with cancer. Health Communication, 1, pp. 41-54.

Buck, R. (1990). Using FACS versus communication scores to measure the spontaneous facial expression of emotion in brain-damaged patients. Cortex, 26, pp. 275-280.

Nakamura, M., Buck, R., & Kenny, D. A. (1990). Relative contributions of expressive behavior and contextual information to the judgment of the emotional state of another. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59(5), pp. 1032-1039.

Buck, R. (1990). William James, the nature of knowledge, and current issues in emotion, cognition, and communication. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 16, pp. 612-625.

Buck, R. (1990). Rapport, emotional education, and emotional competence. Psychological Inquiry, 1(4), pp. 301-302.

 Buck, R. (1990) Mood and emotion: A comparison of five contemporary views. Psychological Inquiry, 1(4), pp. 330-336.

 Buck, R. (1991). Social factors in facial display and communication. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 15(3), pp. 155-162.

Buck, R. (1992). Epistemological fundamentals: Knowledge-by-acquaintance and spontaneous communication. Journal of Pragmatics, 17(5-6), pp. 447-454.

 Buck, R., Losow, J., Murphy, M., & Costanzo, P. (1992). Social facilitation and inhibition of emotional expression and communication. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63, pp. 962-968.

Buck, R. (1993). The Nebraska Symposium returns to its roots. Contemporary Psychology, 38, pp. 55-57.

 Wagner, H., Buck, R., & Winterbotham, M. (1993). Communication of specific emotions: Sending accuracy and communication measures. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 17(1), pp. 29-53.

 Buck, R. (1993). What is this thing called subjective experience? Reflections on the neuropsychology of qualia. Neuropsychology, 7(4), pp. 490-499.

 Buck, R. (1994). The neuropsychology of communication: Spontaneous and symbolic aspects. Journal of Pragmatics, 22, pp. 265-278.

 Ross, E.D., Homan, R.W., & Buck, R.W. (1994). Differential hemispheric lateralization of primary and social emotions. Neuropsychiatry, Neuropsychology, and Behavioral Neurology, 7(1), pp. 1-19.

 Buck, R. (1994). Social and emotional functions in facial expression and communication: The readout hypothesis. Biological Psychology, 38, pp. 95-115.

Chaudhuri, A., & Buck, R. (1995). Media differences in rational and emotional responses to advertising. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 39(1), 109-125.

Chaudhuri, A. & Buck, R. (1995). Affect, reason, and persuasion: Advertising strategies that predict affective and analytic-cognitive responses. Human Communication Research, 21(3), 422-441.

 Buck, R. (In press). Review of Human Facial Express: An Evolutionary View. Communication Theory.

 Buck, R., Easton, C., & Goldman, C. (in press). A Developmental-Interactionist theory of motivation, emotion, and cognition: Implications for Understanding Psychopathology. Japanese Journal of Research on Emotions.

Technical Reports and Abstracts

Buck, R., V. Savin, R. Miller and W. Caul. 1969. The communication of affect in humans. Proceedings, 77th Annual Convention, American Psychological Association, 4:367-368. (Abstract).

Buck, R. (1971). Relationships between dissonance-reducing behaviors and tension measures following aggression. Dissertation Abstracts International. (Abstract).

Buck, R. 1971. Differences in social learning underlying overt-behavioral, self-report, and physiological responses to emotion. Research in Education, 6:17. (Abstract).

Buck, R., R. Miller and W. Caul. 1972. Sex, personality and physiological variables in the communication of affect via facial expression. Research in Education, 7:13. (Abstract).

Buck, R., J. Worthington and T. Schiffman. 1973. Nonverbal communication of affect in preschool children. Proceedings, 81st Annual Convention, American Psychological Association. Research in Education, July, 1974. (Abstract).

Buck, R. 1973. Relationships between dissonance-reducing behaviors and tension measures following aggression. Research in Education, 1974. (Abstract).

Goodman, N., R. Baron, B. Shapiro and R. Buck. 1978. The perceptual organization of affect displays. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 4:354. (Abstract).

Alper, S., R. Buck and A. Dreyer. 1978. Nonverbal sending accuracy and receiving ability in preschool children. Research Relating to Children, 41:89. (Abstract).

Buck, R., R. Baron and D. Barrette. 1979. The unitization of spontaneous nonverbal behavior. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 5:258. (Abstract).

Duffy, R. and R. Buck. 1980. A Study of the Relationship Between Propositional (Pantomime) and Subpropositional (Facial Expression) Extraverbal Behaviors in Aphasics. O.R.L. Digest. (Abstract).

Buck, R. 1981. Left and right hemisphere brain function and symbolic vs. spontaneous nonverbal behavior. Research in Education, May 1981. (Abstract). Doc. ED 196-074 in the Eric documentation system.

Buck, R. 1983. Emotion, emotional expression, and the cognitive-physiological interaction: A readout view. Resources in Education, June 1983. (Abstract). Doc. ED 225-074 in the Eric documentation system.

Buck, R. 1986. Emotion and cognition: A developmental-interactionist perspective. Resources in Education. (Abstract). Doc. ED 260-849 in the Eric documentation system.

Buck, R., & Teng, W. 1988. Spontaneous emotional communication and social biofeedback: A cross-cultural study. Resources in Education, June 1988. (Abstract). Doc. ED 290122 in the ERIC documentation system.

Ginsburg, B. E., Szajnberg, N. D., & Buck, R. (1989). The primacy of affect in modulating phenotypic expression in social systems. Behavior Genetics, 19. p. 758. (Abstract).

Ginsburg, B. E. & Buck, R. (1990). Communicative genes as organizers of social behavior. Behavior Genetics, 20, p. 33. (Abstract).

Chaudhuri, A., & Buck, R. (1992). Advertising variables that predict consumer responses. Enhancing Knowledge Development in Marketing. 1992 Summer Marketing Educators' Conference Proceedings.

Buck, R. (1993). Epistemological fundamentals: Knowledge by acquaintance and spontaneous communication. The Philosopher's Index. (Abstract 009936). Philosophy Documentation Center.

Chaudhuri, A., & Buck, R. (1993). The relationship of advertising variables to analytic and syncretic cognitions. In R. Varadarajan and B. Jaworski (Eds.). Marketing Theory and Applications, Vol. 4. Chicago, IL: American Marketing Association. pp. 193-198.

 Chaudhuri, A., & Buck, R. (1994). Are advertisers using brain theory? Introducing the CASC Scale. In C.W. Park & D. Smith (Eds.), Marketing Theory and Applications. Vol. 5. Chicago, IL: American Marketing Association. pp. 161-162.

 Buck, R., Chaudhuri, A., Georgson, M., & Kowta, S. (1995). Conceptualizing and operationalizing affect, reason, and involvement in persuasion: The ARI Model and the CASC Scale. Advances in Consumer Research, 22, 1-8.

 Buck, R., & Ginsburg, B. (1995). Affects as voices of communicative genes. Behavior Genetics, 25, (Abstract).

 Chaudhuri, A., & Buck, R. (1995). An exploration of triune brain effects in advertising. Advances in Consumer Research, 22, 133-138.

Reviews

Buck, R. Review of John Forrester, "Language and the Origins of Psychoanalysis." New York: Columbia University Press, 1980. Social Science Quarterly, 63, pp. 394-395, 1982.

 Buck, R. Review of H. L. Petri, "Motivation: Theory and Research." Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1981. Contemporary Psychology, 27, pp. 374-375, 1982.

 Buck, R. A gesture in the right direction. Review of R. Heslin & M. Patterson, "Nonverbal behavior and social psychology." New York: Plenum Press, 1982. Contemporary Psychology, 28, pp. 606-607.

Buck, R. Review of P. Ekman, "Emotion in the Human Face." New York: Cambridge University Press, 1983. Contemporary Psychology, 29, pp. 27-28, 1984.

Buck, R. (In press). Review of M. L. Ambrester and F. D. Julian, "Speech Communication Reader." Journal of Communication.

Buck, R. (In press). Review of P. Evans, "Motivation and Emotion." Contemporary Psychology.

Invited Lectures and Papers

Buck, R., and R. Miller. A measure of sensitivity to facial expression. Videotape screening and demonstration given at the Anthropological and Documentary Film Conference, Temple University, March, 1972.

Department of Psychology, University of Missouri, 1972. Topic: Nonverbal Communication.

Department of Psychology, Edinboro College, Edinboro, PA, 1973. Topic: Nonverbal Communication.

Federal Communications Commission, 1976. Topic: Over the Counter Drug Advertising on Television.

Buck, R. Individual differences in emotional expression: The externalizer-internalizer distinction revisited. Paper presented at the meeting of the New England Psychological Association, Dartmouth College, October 1976.

 Buck, R. Recognition accuracy in the study of social perception and attribution. Paper presented at the National Conference on Body Language, New York, May 1977.

Buck, R. Nonverbal communication in aphasia. Paper presented at the Aphasia Research Center, Veteran's Administration Hospital, Boston, November 1979.

Buck, R. Communication via spontaneous vs. intentional behavior. Colloquium, Department of Psychology and Social Relations, Harvard University, November, 1980.

Buck, R. Clinical implications of nonverbal communication research. Presented at the Psychology Service, Boston Veteran's Administration Hospital, November 1980.

Buck, R. Spontaneous vs. symbolic communication processes and right vs. left hemisphere brain functioning. Colloquium, Psycholinguistics Department, Boston University, February 1981.

Buck, R. Nonverbal communication and marketing. Marketing Research Seminar, Marketing Department, University of Connecticut. October, 1981.

Buck, R. Nonverbal communication, emotion, and persuasion. Presentation to the Connecticut Valley chapter of the Public Relations Society. West Hartford, CT. Feb. 16, 1982.

Buck, R. Response to "The perception of nonverbal vocal cues of emotional meaning by language-disordered and normal children." International Communication Association convention, Dallas. May 27, 1983.

Buck, R. Spontaneous expression and communication: The social functions of emotion. Colloquium, Department of Psychology, Yale University. September 21, 1983.

Buck, R. Your body talks. Presentation at the 21st State Leadership Conference, East Hartford, CT., May 4, 1984.

Buck, R. Studies of the communication of emotion. Colloquium, Institut fur Konsum- und Verhaltensforschung, Universitat des Saarlandes, Saarbrucken, West Germany. June 6, 1984.

Buck, R. Nonverbal communication, personality, and emotion. Colloquium, Department of Psychology, Universitat des Saarlandes, Saarbrucken, West Germany. June 7, 1984.

 Buck, R. The expression and communication of emotion. Colloquium, Department of Psychology. University of Paderborn. Paderborn, West Germany. June 13, 1984.

Buck, R. Communication and emotion. Presentation at the Yale-VA Emotion Study Group Conference, West Haven VA Hospital, West Haven, CT. June 28, 1984.

Buck, R. PRIME Theory: An integrated view of motivation and emotion. Presentation at the Symposium on Emotion, Department of Philosophy, University of Cincinatti. March 1985.

Buck, R. Peripheral vs. central sources of emotional experience: A position paper. Presented at the Contemporary Issues Panel "Central and Peripheral Contributions to Affect Generation." Inaugural meeting of the International Society for Research on Emotion. Harvard University, June 23-26, 1985.

Buck, R. A developmental-interactionist view of emotion: Implications for emotional education. Presentation at the Institute for the Study of Child Development, Rutgers University Medical School. New Brunswik, NJ. December 18, 1985.

Buck, R. The slide-viewing technique for the study of spontaneous emotional expression. Colloquium, Research Center for Psychotherapy, Stuttgart, West Germany, March 20, 1986.

Buck, R. Spontaneous emotional expression in stress and illness. Colloquium, Department of Medical Psychology. University of Ulm. Ulm, West Germany. March 21, 1986.

Buck, R. Emotional communication and emotional education. Presentation at the meeting of the New Haven Civitans, North Haven, CT, April 15, 1986.

Buck, R. Motivation, emotion, and cognition: A developmental- interactionist approach. Presentation at the meeting of the International Society for Research on Emotions. Amsterdam, July 24-26, 1986.

Buck, R. Emotional communication and emotional education: Individual regulation and social co-ordination. Colloquium, Department of Psychology. New School for Social Research, New York City. November 20, 1986.

Buck, R. CARAT and the measurement of emotional expression. Presentation at the meeting of the NIMH Conference on Emotional Sensitivity, Cambridge, MA. August 23, 1987.

Buck, R. The Big MEC: A developmental-interactionist approach to motivation, emotion, and cognition. Colloquium, Department of Psychology. University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA. November 20, 1987.

Buck, R. Spontaneous communication and emotional education. Colloquium, Department of Communication , State University of New York at Buffalo, December 17, 1987.

Buck, R. Social biofeedback and emotional education. Colloquium, Department of Rhetoric and Communication. University of California, Davis. January 7, 1988.

Buck, R. Spontaneous expression, social biofeedback, and emotional education. Colloquium, Department of Experimental Psychology, Oxford University, England. January 29, 1988.

Buck, R. Spontaneous and symbolic communication. Colloquium, Department of Psychology, University of London, London, England, March 17, 1988.

 Buck, R. Spontaneous communication and emotion. Colloquium, Department of Psychology, York University, York, England, May 5, 1988.

Buck, R. Spontaneous and symbolic communication. Colloquium, Department of Psychology, University of Sussex. Brighton, England, May 12, 1988.

 Buck, R. Spontaneous communication and mass media. Colloquium, Annenberg School of Communication, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA: November 16, 1988.

Buck, R. Spontaneous communication and emotion. Colloquim presented at the Department of Psychology, Freie Universitat Berlin, March 16, 1990.

Buck, R. Emotional communication in public relations. Presentation to the University of Connecticut public relations department, April 6, 1990.

 Buck, R. Measuring spontaneous communication in the study of emotion. Colloquium, Department of Psychology, Yale University, Sept. 10, 1990.

Buck, R. Spontaneous communication and emotion: A developmental-interactionist theory. Colloquium, Department of Psychology, Vassar College, Nov. 30, 1990.

Buck, R. Emotional communication in the clinical process. Colloquium, The Derner Institute, Adelphi University. April 1, 1991.

Buck, R. Motivation, emotion, and cognition: Toward an integrated theory. Colloquium, Department of Psychology, Allegheny College. April 29, 1991.

Buck, R. Cross-cultural research on emotional communication. Colloquium, Department of Psychology, Freie Universitat Berlin, July 16, 1991.

Buck, R. Nonverbal communication and the theory of emotion. Colloquium, Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, March 6, 1992.

Buck, R. Dyadic-level concepts in social psychology. Colloquium, Social Psychology Program, University of Connecticut, February 9, 1994.

 Buck, R. Social and emotional bases of nonverbal communication. Colloquium, Department of Psychology, Brandeis University, March 17, 1994.

 Buck, R. The spontaneous expression and communication of emotion: Implications for social and developmental psychology. Colloquium, Department of Psychology, Northeastern University, January 11, 1995.

 Buck, R. Emotion and attitude change. Invited presentation at the meeting of the Boston Area Social Psychology group, March 17, 1995.

 Buck, R. Emotional communication, emotional development, and psychopathology. Invited presentation, Department of Psychology, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan, April 1, 1995.

 Buck, R. Emotional expression and communication. Invited presentation, Connecticut Neuropsychological Society. Trinity College, Hartford, CT, September 28, 1995.

Conference Proceedings

Invited Addresses

Buck, R. Emotion and cognition: A developmental-interactionist view. Invited address: Tagung Experimentell Arbeitender Psychologen. University of the Saarlands, Saarbrucken, West Germany, March 25, 1986.

Buck, R. Motivation, emotion, and cognition: A developmental-interactionist view. Invited address: The British Psychological Society Annual Conference. The University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom, April 15, 1988.

Buck, R. Internalization as an emotional education process. Invited presentation, The MacArthur Conference on Health-Related Behavior. Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA. November 18-19, 1988.

 Buck, R. Spontaneous communication and emotion. Invited presentation, the Nags Head Conference on Affect and Adjustment. Nags Head, NC., June 1989.

Buck, R. Motivation, emotion, and cognition: A developmental-interactionist view. Invited presentation, the Santa Fe Institute Conference on Cognition and Emotion, Santa Fe, NM, October, 1989.

Buck, R. Spontaneous communication and the conceptualization of a private self. Invited presentation, Conference on the Interpersonal Self. Emory University Cognition Project, Emory University, May 3-5, 1990.

 Buck, R. Motivation, emotion, and cognition: A developmental-interactionist theory. Invited address, APA Science Weekend on Emotion. American Psychological Association convention, Boston, MA, August 10-14, 1990.

Buck, R. The communication of affect: Theory and research. Invited presentation, Cowboy Lecture Series Conference on Affect and Communication. Department of Communication , University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, April 19, 1991.

Buck, R. Nonverbal communication and emotion: Past research and future directions. Invited address, Department of Neuroscience, University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Department of Psychology, North Dakota State University, April 10, 1992.

Buck, R., Goldman, C.K., Easton, C.J., and Norelli-Smith, N. Emotional expression and communication in emotional education and emotional competence: Applications to psychopathology. Presented at the Developmental Premeeting, Society of Experimental Social Psychology, Santa Barbara, CA, October 14, 1993.

 Buck, R. Communication andn emotional development: Implications for psychopathology. Invited lecture, Kennedy Center, Vanderbilt University, February 16, 1995.

 Buck, R. Motivation, emotion, and cognition: A Developmental-Interactionist Theory. Invited Keynote Address, 1995 Congress of the Japanese Association of Developmental Psychology, Kyoto, Japan, March 31, 1995.

 Buck, R. Role of the left hemisphere in the inhibition and control of emotional displays. Invited presentation at the Symposium on the Neurobiology of Emotions. Combined meeting of the American Neuropsychiatric Association and the Behavioral Neurology Society, Pittsburgh, PA, October 14, 1995.

 Buck, R. Spontaneous communication. Invited presentatino at the Symposium on Communication Theory, Speech Communication Association, San Antonio, TX, November 18-21, 1995.

 Buck, R. Emotional expression, inhibition and control. Invited address at the Symposium on Behavioral Neurology: Emotional Cognition at the 48th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Neurology, San Francisco, CA, March 24, 1996.

Symposium and Panel Presentations

Buck, R. The slide-viewing paradigm in the study of nonverbal communication. Presentation at the symposium "Measuring individual differences in emotional recognition and expression," American Psychological Association Convention, San Francisco, 1977.

Buck, R. Individual differences in nonverbal sending accuracy and electrodermal responding. Presentation at the symposium "Personal correlates of skill in nonverbal communication." American Psychological Association Convention, Toronto, 1978.

Buck, R. Spontaneous nonverbal behavior in the study of emotion: Problems and prospects. Presentation at the symposium "New perspectives in the research on emotion." American Psychological Association Convention, Toronto, 1978.

Baron, R. and R. Buck. Foundations of an event perception approach to nonverbal communication. Symposium presentation at the American Psychological Association Convention, New York, 1979.

Buck, R. Chairperson and discussant. Symposium on the development of nonverbal communication. American Psychological Association Convention, Montreal, 1980.

Buck, R. Individual differences in the nonverbal communication of affect. Symposium presentation at the Speech Communication Association Convention, New York, 1980.

Buck, R. The development of emotion and conversational nonverbal behaviors. Presentation at the symposium "Perspectives on the development of nonverbal behavior." Society for Research in Child Development Convention, Boston, 1981.

Buck, R. A theory of spontaneous and symbolic expression: Implications for facial lateralization. Presentation at the symposium "Assymetries in facial expression: Method and meaning." International Neuropsychological Society Convention, Pittsburgh, 1982. (Symposium organized by J. Borod and R. Buck)

 Buck, R. Research in nonverbal communication via spontaneous emotional expression. Panel presentation at the Eastern Communication Association convention. Hartford, May 1982.

 Buck, R. Emotion, emotional expression, and the cognitive-physiological interaction: A readout view. Presentation at the symposium "Current issues in theories of the emotions." American Psychological Association convention. Washington, DC, Aug. 1982.

 Buck, R. Nonverbal expression and communication: The social regulation of emotion. Presentation at the symposium "Emotional expression in infants and young children." Society for Research in Child Development convention. Toronto, April 1985.

Buck, R. Emotion and cognition: A developmental-interactionist perspective. Presentation at the symposium "The role of affect and goals in the development of social cognition." Society for Research in Child Development convention. Toronto, April 1985.

 Buck, R. Emotional communication and coping with aging. Presentation at the symposium "Aging and emotion." International Society for Research on Emotion Convention. Amsterdam, Netherlands. July 23-26, 1986.

Buck, R. Chair, Panel on emotional experience. International Society for Research on Emotion Convention, Worcester, MA. August 25-29, 1987.

 Buck, R. Mindless, irresponsible, unreasoned passion in the persuasion process. Presentation at the panel on Modeling Persuasion: Elaborations on the Elaboration Likelihood Model. Presented at the meeting of the International Communication Association, San Francisco, May 25-29, 1989.

Buck, R. Within- and between-subjects relationships of expressiveness and physiological responses: Inhibition and the supprssion hypothesis. Presentation at the Symposium on Emotional Expression and Psychophysiological Measures, Psychophysiology premeeting, Society of Experimental Social Psychology Convention, Columbus, OH, October 10, 1991.

Buck, R. Social emotions: Their nature and biological bases. Presentation at the Symposium on Biological and Social Foundations of Nonverbal Behavior. Presented at the meeting of the Society of Experimental and Social Psychology, Columbus, OH, October 11, 1991.

Buck, R. What is this thing called subjective experience? Presented at the Symposium "Neuropsychological perspectives on components of Emotional Processing." J. C. Borod, Chair. International Neuropsychology Society meeting, San Doego CA, February 5-8, 1992.

Buck, R. The communication of emotion. Presented at the symposium on Recent Trends in Nonverbal Communication, J.L. Allen, Chair. Eastern Communication Association Meeting, Portland, ME, May 2, 1992.

Ginsburg, B., R. Buck, and N. Szajnberg. Differences in communicative patterns of twins over time. Invited Symposium Paper, 7th International Congress on Twin Studies. Tokyo, Japan, June 22-25, 1992.

 Buck, R. The measurement of emotional climate. Presentation in the Thematic Session: The Definition and Measurement of Emotional Climate. XXV International Congress of Psychology. Brussels, Belgium, July 19-24, 1992.

Buck, R. Measuring emotional climate. Presentation at the Symposium on Emotional Climate. Meeting of the American Psychological Association. Washington, DC, August 10, 1992.

 Buck, R. The slide-viewing technique. Presented at the Round Table Discussion on Nonverbal Research Methods, Meeting of the Eastern Communication Association, New Haven, April 29-May 2, 1993.

Buck, R. Chair, Invited Address by Reuben M. Baron. Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Providence, RI, April 15, 1994.

Buck, R. Do emotional expression and communication play a role in the etiology of schizophrenia? Presented at the symposium on Emotion and Schizophrenia, meeting of the International Society for Research on Emotions, Cambridge, England, July 14-17, 1994.

 Buck, R. & Ginsburg, B. Affects as voices of the genes: Implications for psychopathology. Presented at the Symposium on New Directions in Facial Expression Research, Society of Experimental Social Psychology, Lake Tahoe, NV, October 15, 1994.

 Ekman, P. & Buck, R. (Chairs). Symposium on New Directions in Facial Expression Research, Society of Experimental Social Psychology, Lake Tahoe, NV, October 15, 1994.

 Buck, R. Emotional development, emotional education, and psychopathology. Presentation at the symposium on Experimental Psychological Approaches to Developmental Psychology, 1995 Congress of the Japanese Association of Developmental Psychology, April 1, 1995.

Submitted Papers Presented

Buck, R. The effects of drug-induced arousal and prior response learning upon cue utilization, Midwestern Psychological Association Convention, Chicago, 1966.

 Friedman, P., R. Buck and V. Allen. Arousal, anxiety, aggression and attitude change. Presented at American Psychological Association Convention, Washington, D.C, 1968.

Buck, R., R. Parke and M. Buck. Differences in cardiac response and attention to the environment in two stressful situations. Presented at Eastern Psychological Association Convention, Washington, D.C, 1968.

Buck, R. and R. Parke. The behavioral and physiological response to the presence of another person in two stressful situations. Presented at Eastern Psychological Association Convention, Philidelphia, 1969.

 Buck, R., V. Savin, R. Miller and W. Caul. The communication of affect in humans. Presented at the American Psychological Association Convention, 1969.

Buck, R. Differences in social learning underlying overt-behavioral, self-report, and physiological responses to emotion. Presented at Midwestern Psychological Association Convention, Detroit, 1971.

 Buck, R., R. Miller and W. Caul. Sex, personality and physiological variables in the communication of affect via facial expression. Presented at the Eastern Psychological Association Convention, Boston, 1972.

Buck, R. Relationships between dissonance-reducing behaviors and tension measures following aggression. Presented at the Midwestern Psychological Association Convention, Cleveland, 1972.

Buck, R., J. Worthington and T. Schiffman. Nonverbal communication of affect in preschool children. Presented at the American Psychological Association Convention, 1973.

Buck, R. J. Lerman. General vs. specific nonverbal sensitivity and and clinical training. Paper presented at the meeting of the Seventeenth International Congress of Logopedics and Phoniatrics. Copenhagen, Denmark, August, 1977.

Buck, R. and R. Duffy. Nonverbal communication of affect in brain-damaged patients. Presented at the American Psychological Association Convention, San Francisco, 1977.

Goodman, N.R. Baron, B., Shapiro, and R. Buck. Perecptual organization of affect displays. Presented at the American Psychological Association Convention, Toronto, 1978.

 Buck, R. The unitization of televised sequences: Theory and methodology. Presented at the Eastern Mass Communication Research Conference, Hartford, April 6-7, 1979.

Buck, R., R. Baron and D. Barrette. The unitization of spontaneous nonverbal behavior. Presented at the American Psychological Association Convention, New York, 1979.

Buck, R., R. Baron and D. Barrette. A segmentation approach to the study of nonverbal behavior. Paper presented at the International Communication Association Convention, Acapulco, 1980.

Maxon, A.B., J. Lerman and R. Buck. Nonverbal abilities of hearing impaired children. Presented to the American Speech and Hearing Association Convention, Los Angeles, 1981.

Maxon, A. B., Lerman, J., Sibley, R., and Buck, R. Nonverbal sensitivity in hearing-impaired children. Paper presented at the A. G. Bell convention, Toronto, June 1982.

Reardon, K., and Buck, R. Emotion, reason, and communication in coping with cancer. Paper presented at the International Communication Association convention, San Francisco, May 24-28, 1984.

Buck, R., Losow, J., Murphy, M., and Costanzo, P. Nonverbal sending accuracy in individuals vs. dyads. Paper presented at the Eastern Psychological Association convention, New York, April 17-20, 1986.

Buck, R. Emotional communication in self-regulation and social co-ordination. Presented at the meeting of the Society of Experimental Social Psychology. Tempe, AZ, October 17, 18, 1986.

Buck, R. Media violence: What's the attraction? Presented at the meeting of the International Society for Research on Aggression, Swansea, Wales, July 2-6, 1988.

Buck, R., Teng, W., Petersen, L., & Kenny, D. A. Spontaneous emotional communication in Chinese and Taiwanese students. Paper presented at the meeting of the International Communication Association, San Francisco, CA, May 25-29, 1989.

Ginsburg, B. E., Szajnberg, N. D., & Buck, R. The primacy of affect in modulating phenotypic expression in social systems. Presented at the 19th annual meeting of the Behavior Genetics Association, Charlotte, VA, June 8-11, 1989.

Ginsburg, B. E. & Buck, R. Communicative genes as organizers of social behavior. Presented at the 20th annual meeting of the Behavior Genetics Association, Centre Paul Langevin. Aussois, France, June 1990.

Goldman, C., Goldman, J., Kenny, D.A. & Buck, R. An analysis of sociometric data using the social relations model. Presented at the International Conference on Personal Relationships, St. Catherine's College, Oxford University, England, July 1990.

Chaudhuri, A., Buck, R., & Van Lear, A. Emotional communication data and the self. Presented at the International Conference on Personal Relationships, St. Catherine's College, Oxford University, England, July 1990.

Buck, R. Emotional education and the persistence of dysfunctional personal relationships. Presented at the International Conference on Personal Relationships, St. Catherine's College, Oxford University, England, July 1990.

Buck, R., & Zhang, Y. When Chinese use English words to express emotion. Presented at the convention of the Eastern Psychological Association, New York, April 11-14, 1991.

 Buck, R. Nonverbal communication in the clinical context. Presented at the conference of the International Society for Research on Emotions, Universitat des Saarlandes, Saarbrucken, Germany, July 10, 1991.

Buck, R. William James, emotion, and epistemology. Presented at the conference of the International Society for Research on Emotions, Universitat des Saarlandes, Saarbrucken, Germany, July 11, 1991.

 Goldman, C., & Buck, R. The communication of specific emotions in young children. Presented at the conference of the Eastern Psychological Association, Boston, MA, April 3, 1992.

Chaudhuri, A., & Buck, R. Advertising variables that predict consumer responses. Presented at the Summer Marketing Educators' Conference, Chicago, IL, August 8-11, 1992.

Goldman, C., and Buck, R. Communication of specific emotions in emotionally disturbed and comparison children. Poster presented at the meeting of the International Society for Research on Emotions, Pittsburgh: Carnegie-Mellon University, August 18-20, 1992.

Easton, C., Norelli, N., and Buck, R. A segmentation analysis of spontaneous facial/gestural expression in brain-damaged patients. Poster presented at the meeting of the International Society for Research on Emotions, Pittsburgh: Carnegie-Mellon University, August 18-20, 1992.

Chaudhuri, A., & Buck, R. The relationship of advertising variables to analytic and syncretic cognitions. Presented at the Winter Marketing Educators' Conference, Newport, R.I, February 1993.

Goldman, C. and Buck, R. Spontaneous emotional expression and communication accuracy in behaviorally-disordered and age-matched comparison children. Poster presented at the meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, New Orleans, March 26, 1993.

Goldman, C., and Buck, R. Evoking specific emotions with slides: A validation of the slide-viewing technique. Paper presented at the meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Arlington, VA, April 16-18, 1993.

Easton, C., Norelli-Smith, N., and Buck, R. Spontaneous facial/gestural expression in brain-damaged patients: A segmentation analysis. Poster presented at the meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Arlington, VA, April 16-18, 1993.

Norelli-Smith, N., Easton, C., Maxon, A., Paine, P., & Buck, R. Emotional communication and coping in adult hearing-impaired patients. Poster presented at the meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, Arlington, VA, April 16-18, 1993.

Hamilton, M.A., Spadevecchia, G., & Buck, R. Sender motivation to deceive and receiver deception detection: Towards a multifactor model. Paper presented at the meeting of the International Communication Association, Washington, D.C., May 29, 1993.

Chaudhuri, A. & Buck, R. What people don't like about advertising. Presented at the meeting of the Association for Consumer Research, Boston, MA, October 20-22, 1994.

 Buck, R., Chaudhuri, A., Georgson, M., & Kowta, S. Conceptualizing and operationalizing the role of affect, reason, and involvement in persuasion: The ARI model and the CASC scale. Presented at the meeting of the Association for Consumer Research, Boston, MA, October 20-22, 1994.

 Ginsburg, B.E., Buck, R., Goldman, C., & Easton-Meza, C. Affect as a mediator of gene expression in development. Symposium on Behavioral Development in Twins. Presented at the Eighth Annual Meeting of the International Society for Twin Studies, Richmond, VA, May 28-June 1, 1995.

 Buck, R., & Ginsburg, B.E. Affects as voices of communicative genes: Implications for self-regulation, social regulation and bodily regulation. Paper presented at the 25th Annual Meeting of the Behavior Genetics Association, Richmond, VA, May 31-June 3, 1995.